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Basic knowledge of hernia

发布时间:2011-08-25

Hernia knowledge any organ or tissue left the original site, enter another part by human normal or abnormal weak spots or defects, pore, known for hernia.

- all internal organs through the abdominal wall defect, or weak surface area to a prominent mass known as abdominal hernia formation in the local. If the original abdominal organs into the interstitial sac, called internal abdominal hernia, such as Kong Shan, such as small omentum hernia.

- abdominal external hernia is one of the most common diseases in abdominal surgery and its prominent anatomical parts named, the inguinal hernia had the highest incidence, accounted for more than 90%, femoral hernia, which accounted for about 5%, compared with common abdominal external hernia and incisional hernia, umbilical hernia, hernia of linea alba. In addition, there are rare hernia lumbar hernia. The occurrence and the abdominal wall and increased intra-abdominal pressure reduces the intensity of the two major factors.

- according to foreign statistical data, inguinal hernia incidence rate is about 1% to 5%, the incidence of incisional hernia about achieves 2% ~ 11%; domestic survey, inguinal hernia with the incidence rate about 3.6 per thousand, incidence of elderly people over the age of 60 is as high as 11.8 per thousand; in inguinal hernia surgery, the proportion of recurrent hernia surgery accounted for about 10% ~ 16%. According to the latest statistics show, traditional surgery recurrence rate of about 11.3%; including the flat plate method hernia neoplasty and hernia ring filling non tension repair of hernia recurrence rate is about 1% ~ 5%; the western countries with more than 80% of inguinal hernia treatment is the tension-free hernioplasty, the recurrence rate of about 1% giant inguinal hernia and recurrent hernia in are the difficulty of hernia surgery, their common for surgical defect serious, weak surrounding tissue, operation difficulty is great, high recurrence rate, treatment effect is not ideal. In addition, there are a lot of patients because of fear of surgery or because of physical factors, some of the disease factors and failed to get timely and effective treatment.

- we usually say that the hernia inguinal hernia, also known as the small intestine hernia, is refers to the abdominal organs from normal position on the abdominal wall hole or weak point outburst of mass. General because of cough, constipation, angry, heavy manual labor, difficulty in urination and other factors caused by intra-abdominal pressure suddenly increased flushes hernia caused by tube. Infants and young children are often caused by crying. Hernia affects the patient's digestive system above all, which appeared in the abdomen dropping distention, abdominal pain, constipation, nutrient absorption function is poor, easy fatigue and physical decline etc. symptom. And as a result of inguinal ministry and urogenital system adjacent, so elderly patients prone to urinary frequency, urgency, and nocturia increased bladder or prostate disease; the child can affect the testis of normal development because hernia of the extruding of; and in young patients is easy to sexual dysfunction. Also because of the hernia sac within the bowel or omentum vulnerable to extrusion or collision induced inflammatory swelling, cause hernia to accept difficulty, cause hernia to embed, intestinal obstruction and bowel necrosis.